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Dr. Germaine  is a microbiologist  specialising in environmental microbiology. He obtained his PhD at the Institute of Technology Carlow in 2007, developing genetically enhanced  bacteria for degrading common environmental pollutants such as solvents, pesticides, polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)  and poly chlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Dr. Germaine has worked in both the food and pharmaceutical industries as a microbiologist and food safety consultant. He was a co-founder of a spin-out company (MicroGen Biotech Ltd) and is a co-inventor on a number of patents.

Research Interests

Dr. Germaines main area of research focuses on soil health and the removal of pollutants  through the action of bacteria, fungi and plants.  His work includes the remediation of soils contaminated with petroleum hydrocarbons, Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons  (PAHs) (creosote), heavy metals (cadmium and arsenic) and nitroaromatic compounds (NACs). This research also investigates the effects that remediation of these pollutants has on the soil microbiome. Other research areas include the effect of novel bio-based fertiliser (BFF) application on soil health, the prevalence of microplastic pollution in the river Barrow, the development of nature-based solutions to control plant diseases and the development of live microbial bio-stimulants for plant growth promotion in agriculture.    


Dr. Germaine lectures in 1st year Fundamental Biology (lectures and practicals), 3rd  year Environmental science (lectures and practicals) and 4th year Environmental Management (lectures). He supervises 4th year degree projects, research masters and PhD projects.

Expertise related to UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This person’s work contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 2 - Zero Hunger
  • SDG 3 - Good Health and Well-being
  • SDG 4 - Quality Education
  • SDG 6 - Clean Water and Sanitation
  • SDG 7 - Affordable and Clean Energy
  • SDG 12 - Responsible Consumption and Production
  • SDG 13 - Climate Action
  • SDG 14 - Life Below Water
  • SDG 15 - Life on Land

Education/Academic qualification

PhD, Construction of Xenobiotic Degrading Endophytic Bacteria


Award Date: 08 Oct 2007

Bachelors Degree, BSc (Hons) Industrial Biology


Award Date: 19 Nov 2000

External positions

Post Doctoral Researcher, Technological University Dublin


Microbiobiologist, Schering-Plough Ltd


Post Doctoral Researcher, Institute of Technology Carlow


Microbiologist and Food Safety Manager, Foodtech Laboratories Ltd



  • Q Science (General)
  • Soil Health, Water Quality, Bioremediation, Phytoremediation, Microbiome, Pollutants, Biocontrol, Biofertilisers


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