A Systematic Review of the Impact of Remote Working Referenced to the Concept of Work–Life Flow on Physical and Psychological Health

John Wells, Florian Scheibein, Leonor Pais, Nuno Rebelo dos Santos, C. Andreas Dalluege, Jan Philipp Czakert, Rita Berger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: COVID-19 accelerated the adoption of remote working in which employers’ obligations for employees’ health and well-being extended into the home. This paper reports on a systematic review of the health impacts of remote working within the context of COVID-19 and discusses the implications of these impacts for the future role of the occupational health nurse. Method: The review protocol was registered with PROSPERO (CRD42021258517) and followed the PRISMA guidelines. The review covered 2020-2021 to capture empirical studies of remote working during the COVID-19 pandemic, their physical and psychological impacts and mediating factors. Results: Eight hundred and thirty articles were identified. After applying the inclusion criteria, a total of 34 studies were reviewed. Most studies showed low to very low strength of evidence using the GRADE approach. A minority of studies had high strength of evidence. These focused on the reduced risk of infection and negative effects in terms of reduced physical activity, increased sedentary activity, and increased screen time. Conclusion/Application to Practice: The synergy of work and personal well-being with the accelerated expansion of remote working suggests a more active role in the lives of workers within the home setting on the part of occupational health nurses. That role relates to how employees organize their relationship to work and home life, promoting positive lifestyles while mitigating adverse impacts of remote working on personal well-being.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)507-521
Number of pages15
JournalWorkplace Health and Safety
Volume71
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2023

Keywords

  • health impacts
  • occupational health nursing
  • practice
  • remote working
  • work–life flow
  • COVID-19
  • Pandemics
  • Occupational Health
  • Humans
  • Teleworking
  • Mental Health

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