A systematic review of the literature reporting on remote monitoring epileptic seizure detection devices

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Early detection and alert notification of an impending seizure for people with epilepsy have the potential to reduce Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy (SUDEP). Current remote monitoring seizure detection devices for people with epilepsy are designed to support real-time monitoring of their vital health parameters linked to seizure alert notification. An understanding of the rapidly growing literature on remote seizure detection devices is essential to address the needs of people with epilepsy and their carers. Aim: This review aims to examine the technical characteristics, device performance, user preference, and effectiveness of remote monitoring seizure detection devices. Methodology: A systematic review referenced to PRISMA guidelines was used. Results: A total of 1095 papers were identified from the initial search with 30 papers included in the review. Sixteen non-invasive remote monitoring seizure detection devices are currently available. Such seizure detection devices were found to have inbuilt intelligent sensor functionality to monitor electroencephalography, muscle movement, and accelerometer-based motion movement for detecting seizures remotely. Current challenges of these devices for people with epilepsy include skin irritation due to the type of patch electrode used and false alarm notifications, particularly during physical activity. The tight-fitted accelerometer-type devices are reported as uncomfortable from a wearability perspective for long-term monitoring. Also, continuous recording of physiological signals and triggering alert notifications significantly reduce the battery life of the devices. The literature highlights that 3.2 out of 5 people with epilepsy are not using seizure detection devices because of the cost and appearance of the device. Conclusion: Seizure detection devices can potentially reduce morbidity and mortality for people with epilepsy. Therefore, further collaboration of clinicians, technical experts, and researchers is needed for the future development of these devices. Finally, it is important to always take into consideration the expectations and requirements of people with epilepsy and their carers to facilitate the next generation of remote monitoring seizure detection devices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107334
Pages (from-to)107334
JournalEpilepsy Research
Volume201
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Mar 2024

Keywords

  • Epilepsy
  • Remote monitoring
  • Seizure detection devices

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