ALDH2 as a potential stem cell-related biomarker in lung adenocarcinoma: Comprehensive multi-omics analysis

Thi Oanh Tran, Thanh Hoa Vo, Luu Ho Thanh Lam, Nguyen Quoc Khanh Le

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is the most prevalent lung cancer and one of the leading causes of death. Previous research found a link between LUAD and Aldehyde Dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2), a member of aldehyde dehydrogenase gene (ALDH) superfamily. In this study, we identified additional useful prognostic markers for early LUAD identification and targeting LUAD therapy by analyzing the expression level, epigenetic mechanism, and signaling activities of ALDH2 in LUAD patients. The obtained results demonstrated that ALDH2 gene and protein expression significantly downregulated in LUAD patient samples. Furthermore, The American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) reported that diminished ALDH2 expression was closely linked to worse overall survival (OS) in different stages of LUAD. Considerably, ALDH2 showed aberrant DNA methylation status in LUAD cancer. ALDH2 was found to be downregulated in the proteomic expression profile of several cell biology signaling pathways, particularly stem cell-related pathways. Finally, the relationship of ALDH2 activity with stem cell-related factors and immune system were reported. In conclusion, the downregulation of ALDH2, abnormal DNA methylation, and the consequent deficit of stemness signaling pathways are relevant prognostic and therapeutic markers in LUAD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1921-1929
Number of pages9
JournalComputational and Structural Biotechnology Journal
Volume21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2023

Keywords

  • Aldehyde Dehydrogenase 2
  • Cancer stem cells
  • DNA methylation
  • Gene expression
  • Lung adenocarcinoma
  • Protein expression
  • Survival analysis

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