Development and characterization of a spray-dried inhalable ternary combination for the treatment of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm infection in cystic fibrosis

Nasser Alhajj, Mohd Fakharul Zaman Raja Yahya, Niall J. O'Reilly, Helen Cathcart

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an inherited lung disease characterised by the accumulation of thick layers of dried mucus in the lungs which serve as a nidus for chronic infection. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the predominant cause of chronic lung infection in cystic fibrosis. The dense mucus coupled with biofilm formation hinder antibiotic penetration and prevent them from reaching their target. Mucoactive agents are recommended in the treatment of CF in combination with antibiotics. In spite of the extensive research in developing novel drug combinations for the treatment of lung infection in CF, to our knowledge, there is no study that combines antibiotic, antibiofilm and mucoactive agent in a single inhaled dry powder formulation. In the present study, we investigate the possibility of adding a mucoactive agent to our previously developed ciprofloxacinquercetin (antibiotic-antibiofilm) dry powder for inhalation. Three mucoactive agents, namely mannitol (MAN), N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) and ambroxol hydrochloride (AMB), were investigated for this purpose. The ternary combinations were prepared via spray drying without the addition of excipients. All ternary combinations conserved or improved the antibacterial and biofilm inhibition activities of ciprofloxacin against P. aeruginosa (ATCC 10145). The addition of AMB resulted in an amorphous ternary combination (SD-CQA) with superior physical stability as indicated by DSC and nonambient XRPD. Furthermore, SD-CQA displayed better in vitro aerosolization performance (ED ∼ 71 %; FPF ∼ 49 %) compared to formulations containing MAN and NAC (ED ∼ 64 % and 44 %; FPF ∼ 44 % and 29 %, respectively). In conclusion, a ternary drug combination powder with suitable aerosolization, physical stability and antibacterial/antibiofilm properties was prepared by a single spray drying step.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106654
Pages (from-to)106654
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Volume192
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2024

Keywords

  • Acetylcysteine
  • Administration, Inhalation
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
  • Biofilms
  • Cystic Fibrosis/drug therapy
  • Drug Combinations
  • Dry Powder Inhalers/methods
  • Humans
  • Particle Size
  • Powders
  • Pseudomonas Infections/drug therapy
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  • Respiratory Aerosols and Droplets

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