Empowerment an essential ingredient in the clinical environment: A review of the literature

Sara Kennedy, Nicholas Hardiker, Karen Staniland

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


Empowerment is an important concept worthy of attention in healthcare. The merits of empowerment are irrefutable including benefits to the organisation and to the individual nurse. Empowered nurses contribute to the clinical learning environment in a positive way. There is a dearth of literature on how or indeed if nursing students are empowered. The process of empowering registered staff/nursing students is not clear. Ward environment and culture are important contributors to patient care, patient safety and staff well-being. It is therefore necessary to address how empowerment can contribute positively to improving the environment in which care is provided.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)487-492
Number of pages6
JournalNurse Education Today
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 01 Mar 2015


  • Empowerment
  • Nursing students and empowerment
  • Organisational benefits of empowerment
  • Organisational empowerment
  • Psychological empowerment


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