Evaluation and Screening of Biopharmaceuticals using Multi-Angle Dynamic Light Scattering

Ashutosh Sharma, Jason Beirne, Dikshitkumar Khamar, Ciaran Maguire, Ambrose Hayden, Helen Hughes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Biopharmaceuticals are large, complex and labile therapeutic molecules prone to instability due to various factors during manufacturing. To ensure their safety, quality and efficacy, a wide range of critical quality attributes (CQAs) such as product concentration, aggregation, particle size, purity and turbidity have to be met. Size exclusion chromatography (SEC) is the gold standard to measure protein aggregation and degradation. However, other techniques such as dynamic light scattering (DLS) are employed in tandem to measure the particle size distribution (PSD) and polydispersity of biopharmaceutical formulations. In this study, the application of multi-angle dynamic light scattering (MADLS) was evaluated for the determination of particle size, particle concentration and aggregation in 3 different protein modalities, namely bovine serum albumin (BSA) and two biopharmaceuticals including a monoclonal antibody (mAb) and an enzyme. The obtained calibration curve (R 2  > 0.95) for the particle number concentration of the 3 proteins and the observed correlation between MADLS and SEC (R 2  = 0.9938) for the analysis of aggregation in the enzyme can be employed as a 3-in-1 approach to assessing particle size, concentration and aggregation for the screening and development of products while also reducing the number of samples and experiments required for analysis prior to other orthogonal tests.

Original languageEnglish
Article number84
Pages (from-to)84
JournalAAPS PharmSciTech
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 22 Mar 2023


  • biopharmaceutical characterization
  • biopharmaceuticals
  • dynamic light scattering
  • size exclusion chromatography
  • spectroscopy
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal/analysis
  • Light
  • Biological Products
  • Serum Albumin, Bovine/chemistry
  • Dynamic Light Scattering


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