miRNA Biogenesis and Regulation of Diseases: An Updated Overview

Anchal Vishnoi, Sweta Rani

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)


MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small RNA molecules, with their role in gene silencing and translational repression by binding to the target mRNAs. Since it was discovered in 1993, miRNA is found in all eukaryotic cells conserved across the species. miRNA-size molecules are also known to be found in prokaryotes. Regulation of miRNAs is extensively studied for their role in biological processes as well as in development and progression of various human diseases including neurodegenerative diseases, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. miRNA-based therapy has a promising application, and with a good delivery system, miRNA therapeutics can potentially be a success. miRNAs and EVs have potential therapeutic and prognostic application in a range of disease models. This chapter summarizes miRNA biogenesis and explores their potential roles in a variety of diseases. miRNAs hold huge potential for diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers and as predictors of drug response.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMethods in Molecular Biology
PublisherHumana Press Inc.
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 29 Nov 2022

Publication series

NameMethods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)
ISSN (Print)1064-3745


  • Cancer
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Extracellular vesicle
  • miRNA
  • Neurodegenerative diseases


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